head lice and how to get rid of them

Having head lice isn’t a sign of poor personal hygiene or an unclean living environment. Head bacteria do not carry bacterial or viral diseases.

The head lice are obligate parasites of humans.  Headlice are wingless insects that spend their entire lives on the human scalp and feed exclusively on human blood. Lice do not come from outdoors or pests.


Head-to-head contact with an already infected person: This is the most common way to get headlice. Although uncommon headlice can be spread by sharing clothing or belongings. Headlice only infect humans and they are spread by direct contact with someone who is already infected or by the use of their belongings.


Headlice have three forms: The egg, the nymph, and the adult. The eggs are laid by the adult female at the hair shaft nearest the scalp. The eggs are firmly attached to the hair shaft and are oval-shaped and very small and hard to see. The eggs are often confused for dandruff, scabs, or hair spray droplet. These eggs take 8-9 days to hatch.

The nymph is an immature louse that hatches from the nit or egg. A nymph looks like an adult head lice but smaller. For a nymph to survive must feed on blood. Nymphs mature into an adult about 9-12 days after hatching.

The fully grown and developed adult louse is about the size of a sesame seed, has 6 legs, and is grayish-white in color. To survive head lice must feed on blood. Adult lice can live about 30 days on a person’s head but will die within one or two days if it falls off a person’s head. The adult female is usually bigger than the adult male.


  • Tickling feeling of something moving in your hair.
  • Severe itching, caused by a reaction to the bites of the headlice.
  • Irritability and difficulty sleeping; head lice are most active in the dark.
  • Sores on the head caused by intense scratching. These sores can sometimes become infected with bacteria found on the person’s skin.


  • Malathion(oxide): apply this medication to your hair and then rub it into your hair and scalp. A second treatment may be necessary if the lice are seen 9 days after treatment. Not for children less than 6 years.
  • Ivermectin lotion(slice): Apply to dry hair and scalp and rinse after 10 minutes with water, it’s effective with one treatment. Not for children under 6 months.
  • Tea tree oil: out of all essential oils, tea tree oil boasts anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties which fight lice and bacteria. Tea tree oil’s insecticidal properties help to kill both lice and their eggs.

How to use:

Apply a few drops directly on the scalp and massage it in. Then tie your hair tightly, leave it for 2-3 hours, and wash off with hot water (repeat the process weekly for a month)

  • Salt and vinegar: A potent combination of sodium chloride and acetic acid combats lice from hatching on the scalp. Both vinegar and salt have desiccating properties which strip the moisture and put an end to the lice and nits or their eggs.

How to use:

Mix ¼ cup of salt with ¼ cup of vinegar and store it in a spray bottle. Spray this solution all over your scalp and hair length, let it dry for 2 hours, and wash it off with warm water. (Repeat his treatment thrice weekly for a month).

And if you have tried everything and none of the home remedies worked for you, then you must see a skin doctor who can help you by prescribing topical treatment or oral medication. Head lice are still the most pestilent noxious hair problem there is, nobody should have to go through the traumatizing experience of irritations and discomfort.


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